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Netherlands Leprosy Relief (NLR), a member of International Federation of Anti-Leprosy Associations (ILEP), is supporting National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) of India since 1993...

Bihar

Overview(Updated on 5 April 2015)

Bihar is a state in eastern India having its capital at Patna. Bihar is bounded in north by Nepal, south by Jharkhand, east by West Bengal and west by UP. It continues to be one of the most populous states of India having projected population of 111 million Bihar’s population is mixed of all the religions.

The state of Bihar has 38 districts. The area of the districts ranges from 443 sq km (Sheohar) to 5,228 sq km (Paschim Champaran). The most populated district is Patna with the population of 6,173,112 and the least populated district is Sheohar with the population of 7,024,69 as per mid year population 2014.

The state is historically very important as it has remnants of the empire of Ashoka the Great, and the first democracy of the world named Vaishali. The state is also famous for Vikramshila University, birth place of Sikh guru Guru Govind Singh Ji and many more. In addition, Bodh Gaya and Gaya is internationally famed spot for Buddhists and Hindu pilgrimage. Despite such a rich past, 70% of the population is still living below poverty line. To add to the problem natural calamities like floods keep occurring at regular intervals.

Essential leprosy indicators

Year Pop (In Mn) Cases Det (1 Apr- 31 Mar) Cases (As on 31 Mar) AN CDR PR MB % Child % Gr1 % Gr2 % Fem%
99-00 98.2 172,449 145,257 N.A. 15.2 38.5 12.9 N.A. 3.2 N.A.
00-01 82.9 101,607 110,664 N.A. 9.3 36.5 15.4 N.A. 2.1 N.A.
01-02 84.9 120,080 77,330 144.9 11 34.4 15.4 N.A. 2.2 N.A.
02-03 87.1 94,561 93,709 108.6 8.6 32 16.1 N.A. 1.5 40.1
03-04 89.2 32,887 44,351 36.9 3.9 28.6 19.1 N.A. 0.7 39.8
04-05 91.5 40,395 44,351 44.1 1.8 29.9 18.4 N.A. 0.9 39.4
05-06 93.8 25,835 16,532 27.6 1.3 35.4 15.7 N.A. 1.4 36.2
06-07 96.1 21,350 12,166 22.2 1.1 36 14.9 N.A. 2.2 36.2
07-08 98.5 19,041 10,158 19.3 1 37.1 15 2.1 2.4 35.9
08-09 100.9 20,086 10,771 19.89 1.07 36.99 16.64 NA 2.01 36.48
09-10 103.5 21,431 11,221 20.7 1.08 37.53 15.99 1.8 1.96 37.38
10-11 103.8 20547 11624 19.79 1.12 38.21 14.32 1.51 1.49 37.98
11-12 106.1 17,801 9,440 16.77 0.89 39.73 14.98 1.66 1.88 37.07
12-13 108.5 22,001 13,017 20.27 1.20 37.77 15.88 1.62 2.32 37.78
13-14 111.0 18,188 10,100 16.76 0.91 40.49 15.55 1.68 2.82 37.84

Source: Central Leprosy Division, GOI
Note: N.A. represents that the figures were not calculated by GOI in the relevant years.

ANCDR=Annual New Case Detection Rate per 100,000 population; PR=Prevalence Rate per 10,000 population; MB=Multibacillary; PB= Paucibacillary; Gr 1= Grade 1 Disability (WHO); Gr 2=Grade 2 Disability (WHO)

Analysis of the table

Epidemiological reports of the state states that Bihar is a high endemic state with ACDR>16, high child proportion ie >15 and Gr2 disabilities is >2.82 as on 31st March 2014.

Bihar High child proportions needs special attention by program managers at the state and centre

please click here to see Epidemiology of the state for the year 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 & 2014