Netherlands Leprosy Relief (NLR), a member of International Federation of Anti-Leprosy Associations (ILEP), is supporting National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) of India since 1993...
Overview(Updated on 5 April 2015)
Bihar is a state in eastern India having its capital at Patna. Bihar is bounded in north by Nepal, south by Jharkhand, east by West Bengal and west by UP. It continues to be one of the most populous states of India having projected population of 111 million Bihar’s population is mixed of all the religions.
The state of Bihar has 38 districts. The area of the districts ranges from 443 sq km (Sheohar) to 5,228 sq km (Paschim Champaran). The most populated district is Patna with the population of 6,173,112 and the least populated district is Sheohar with the population of 7,024,69 as per mid year population 2014.
The state is historically very important as it has remnants of the empire of Ashoka the Great, and the first democracy of the world named Vaishali. The state is also famous for Vikramshila University, birth place of Sikh guru Guru Govind Singh Ji and many more. In addition, Bodh Gaya and Gaya is internationally famed spot for Buddhists and Hindu pilgrimage. Despite such a rich past, 70% of the population is still living below poverty line. To add to the problem natural calamities like floods keep occurring at regular intervals.
Essential leprosy indicators
|Year||Pop (In Mn)||Cases Det (1 Apr- 31 Mar)||Cases (As on 31 Mar)||AN CDR||PR||MB %||Child %||Gr1 %||Gr2 %||Fem%|
Source: Central Leprosy Division, GOI
Note: N.A. represents that the figures were not calculated by GOI in the relevant years.
ANCDR=Annual New Case Detection Rate per 100,000 population; PR=Prevalence Rate per 10,000 population; MB=Multibacillary; PB= Paucibacillary; Gr 1= Grade 1 Disability (WHO); Gr 2=Grade 2 Disability (WHO)
Analysis of the table
Epidemiological reports of the state states that Bihar is a high endemic state with ACDR>16, high child proportion ie >15 and Gr2 disabilities is >2.82 as on 31st March 2014.
Bihar High child proportions needs special attention by program managers at the state and centre