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Overview of NLR

Netherlands Leprosy Relief (NLR), a member of International Federation of Anti-Leprosy Associations (ILEP), is supporting National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) of India since 1993...

Delhi

Overview (2010)
Delhi is second largest metropolis of India with highest population density (above 12,000 persons/ Sq Km) amongst all other metropolis of India. It is situated in northern India and spread over 1483 sq km with a population of over 18 million (projected for 2008). Because of the migration of people representing different ethnic groups and cultures from across the country, Delhi has grown to be a cosmopolitan metropolis. Delhi is a major cultural, political, diplomatic and commercial center of India.

Two prominent features of the geography of Delhi are the Yamuna flood plain and the Delhi ridge. Most of the city, including New Delhi, lies west of the river.Three World Heritage Sites—the Red Fort, Qutab Minar and Humayun’s Tomb—are located in Delhi. Other monuments of historical importance include India Gate, Jantar Mantar and a 16th century fortress (Old Fort). The Laxminarayan Temple, Akshardham and Lotus Temple are examples of modern architecture. Despite such a rich heritage, 40% of the population is still living below poverty line. Migration of population from the neighbouring states for the want of better job adds to the problem.

There are three local bodies (statutory towns) viz. Municipal Corporation of Delhi, New Delhi Municipal Committee and Delhi Cantonment Board.The capital of India, New Delhi, falls under the administration of NDMC. Delhi has nine districts and each district (division) is headed by a Deputy Commissioner. Each district of Delhi has three subdivisions and a Subdivision Magistrate heads each subdivision.

Essential leprosy indicators

Year Pop. (In Million) Cases Detected (1 Apr- 31 Mar) Balance Cases (As on 31 Mar) AN-CDR PR MB % Child % Gr1 % Gr2 % Fem%
99-00 13.4 2870 2530 N.A. 3.5 N.A. 5.2 N.A. 5.2 N.A.
00-01 13.8 7191 4732 N.A. 4.5 37.4 7.6 N.A. 9.2 N.A.
01/02/12 14.3 5593 6211 N.A. 4.1 46.2 10.5 N.A. 7 N.A.
02/03/12 14.9 5975 5921 39.9 4.3 48.8 4.1 N.A. 7.1 25.9
03/04/12 15.4 4547 6339 29.5 4.3 53.6 4.2 N.A. 2.8 18.9
04/05/12 16 4221 1993 26.4 3.1 52.8 6 N.A. 3 19.6
05/06/12 16.6 3705 4958 22.3 1.9 57 4.6 N.A. 3.2 18.5
06/07/12 17.2 3146 3221 18.2 1.5 58.3 4.4 N.A. 5.9 18.5
07/08/12 17.9 1331 2641 7.4 0.8 58.3 6.9 8.4 7.5 17.4
08/09/12 18.58 1631 1369 8.77 0.74 63.3 4.8 7.1 8.7 23.9
09/10/12 19.29 1448 1330 7.5 0.69 60.8 5.39 10.36 8.08 23.69

Source: Central Leprosy Division, GOI
Note: N.A. represents that the figures were not calculated by GOI in the relevant years.

ANCDR=Annual New Case Detection Rate per 100,000 population; PR=Prevalence Rate per 10,000 population; MB=Multibacillary; PB= Paucibacillary; Gr 1= Grade 1 Disability (WHO); Gr 2=Grade 2 Disability (WHO)

Analysis of the table

As can be seen in the above table, there has been steady decline in both “Prevalence Rate” and “Annual New Case Detection Rate” since 2002-03. However, there has not been any significant change in proportion of “MB cases”, “Females” and “Children” amongst new cases. There was a dip in proportion of “Grade 2 Disability” amongst new cases from 2003-05 when MLEC activity was held, which indicates that the majority of cases detected in these years were in its early course of the disease as compared to the other years.There is slight increase in ANCDR in the year 2008-09 is at par with other state in the country. Gr 1 disability cases are being reported regularily since2007-2008.