Netherlands Leprosy Relief (NLR), a member of International Federation of Anti-Leprosy Associations (ILEP), is supporting National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) of India since 1993...
Overview (24 April 2015)
Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the fifth largest state of India with 184 million people. UP is located in the northern part of India. It is bordered by Nepal & Uttarakhand on the north, Himachal Pradesh on northwest, Madhya Pradesh on south, Haryana on west, Rajasthan on south west and Bihar & Nepal on east. Lucknow is the capital of UP and consists of 73 Districts. The Medical Directorate & State leprosy Officer’s office is situated in Lucknow. Lucknow is an ancient city, and it has many old monuments of British period & Nawab era.
Agriculture is the main source of income. Wheat, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, pulses, oilseeds & potatoes are the main crops of UP. Kanpur is the biggest industrial town in UP. The state attracts large number of tourists because the famous Taj Mahal is situated at Agra. In addition, the State also has holy pilgrimage places like Varanasi, Ayodhya, Mathura, Allahabad & Kushinagar. Literacy rate on an average is 60% combined for both male & female. Majority of people in Uttar Pradesh are vegetarians. Hindi and Urdu are commonly spoken languages in UP.
Essential leprosy indicators
|Year||Pop (In Mn)||Cases Det (1 Apr-31 Mar)||Bal. Cases (As on 31 Mar)||AN- CDR||PR||MB %||Child %||Gr1 %||Gr2 %||Fem %|
Source: Central Leprosy Division, GOI
Note: N.A. represents that the figures were not calculated by GOI in the relevant years.
ANCDR=Annual New Case Detection Rate per 100,000 population; PR=Prevalence Rate per 10,000 population; MB=Multibacillary; PB= Paucibacillary; Gr 1= Grade 1 Disability (WHO); Gr 2=Grade 2 Disability (WHO)
Analysis of Table
As can be seen in the above table, there has been steady decline in both “Prevalence Rate”, “Annual New Case Detection Rate”. However, there has not been any significant change in proportion of “MB” and “Females” cases. “Grade 2 Disability” amongst new cases over the past 10 years shows increasing trend. This may be due to more emphasis on detection and prevention of disabilities. Gr 1 disability cases are reported regularly since 2007-08.