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Overview of NLR

Netherlands Leprosy Relief (NLR), a member of International Federation of Anti-Leprosy Associations (ILEP), is supporting National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) of India since 1993...

W-Bengal

Overview

West Bengal (WB) stretches from Himalayas in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south, covering an area of 88,752 square kilometres. It shares border with Sikkim and Bhutan in the north, on the east with Assam and Bangladesh. On the south, it is bounded by the Bay of Bengal and on the west by Orissa, Bihar, Jharkand and Nepal. Northern part of West Bengal comprising the districts Darjeeling & Jalpaiguri falls in the Himalayan range, and rest of the area is plain.

WB has 19 districts, of which district Burdwan is the largest one. Burdwan is home to 7,754,249 people and it is spread over an area of 7,024 sq km. NLR in WB has its office located at Burdwan.

Essential leprosy indicators

Year Pop (In Mn) Cases Det (1 Apr- 31 Mar) Cases (As on 31 Mar) ANC DR PR MB % Child % Gr1 % Gr2 % Fem %
99-00 77.9 54934 53689 N.A. 5.4 38.2 12.7 N.A. 3.3 N.A.
00-01 80.2 35666 42466 N.A. 2.8 41.9 12.3 N.A. 3.2 N.A.
01/02/12 81.5 46620 22396 N.A. 4.1 37.7 13.8 N.A. 2.6 N.A.
02/03/12 82.9 32243 32871 39 2.6 41.1 12.9 N.A. 2.5 25.9
03/04/12 84.2 25025 21866 29.7 3.1 51.4 11.4 N.A. 2 32.8
04/05/12 85.6 20891 25757 24.4 2.1 53.2 11.5 N.A. 2.1 31.6
05/06/12 87 15755 18041 20.7 1.2 41.9 6.1 N.A. 1 27.2
06/07/12 88.5 13593 10794 15.7 0.9 50.9 10.1 N.A. 3.2 34.8
07/08/12 89.9 13551 8723 15.1 1 56.8 8.3 4.4 3 35.1
08/09/12 91.3 11891 8932 13 0.98 60.2 8.1 3.4 2.5 30.5
09/10/12 92.8 11453 8944 12.3 0.96 63.4 7.13 3.2 3.4 30.7

Source: Central Leprosy Division, GOI
Note: N.A. represents that the figures were not calculated by GOI in the relevant years.

ANCDR=Annual New Case Detection Rate per 100,000 population; PR=Prevalence Rate per 10,000 population; MB=Multibacillary; PB= Paucibacillary; Gr 1= Grade 1 Disability (WHO); Gr 2=Grade 2 Disability (WHO)

Analysis of the table

As can be seen in the above table, there has been steady decline in both “Prevalence Rate” and “Annual New Case Detection Rate” since 2002-03. However, there has not been any remarkable change in proportion of “Children”, “MB cases” and “Grade 2 Disability” amongst new cases since 2002-03. There can be seen steady increase in proportion of “Females” amongst new cases.MB is slightly increased in the year 2008-9 & 2009-10. Gr 1 disability cases are being reported regularily since the year 2007-08.